At Finola, we’ve been separating the hemp from the hype since 1995!
A recent report from the World Health Association (WHO) concluded; “To date, there is no evidence of recreational use of CBD or any public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
The World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) has decided to remove cannabidiol (CBD) from its list of prohibited substances, effective January 1, 2018. WADA, which regulates prohibited substances for athletes, announced the move in a 2017 September 29th update. The Canada-based agency oversees the World Anti-Doping Code, which is used by more than 600 sports organizations, including the International Olympic Committee. The World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, Switzerland, is currently reviewing CBD’s therapeutic potential in a revision that may redefine how CBD is regarded and controlled internationally.
Meanwhile, back on the farm– on 20 April 2016, seven species of animals munched on a pile of hempseed in our backyard. This is Finland, and we still have snow on the ground at this time of year. Our game camera took 588 pictures during this 15 hour dinner-breakfast-brunch-lunch banquet. Not all of these pictures are in this PDF (27 mB), so click here to see a few of the best ones.
Current status of FINOLA in the EU: Perfectly Legal!
On 28 April 2015, the European Commission received a request from the United Kingdom for the authorisation to prohibit the marketing of FINOLA, because its THC content was thought to have exceeded the authorised content of 0,2 % for the second year in a row. After considerable effort to obtain more information on this matter, the UK responded with this:
“In 2013, a sample of finola was taken from Northern Ireland on 7 August. This was analysed in accordance with procedure A at Annex I of Commission Regulation 1122/2009. The resulting THC content was recorded at 0.24%. In 2014, another sample of finola was taken from Northern Ireland on 29 July. This was analysed in accordance with procedure B at Annex I of Commission Regulation 1122/2009. The resulting THC content was recorded at 0.23%.”
Consequently, during the December 2015 holiday season, the European Commission quietly adopted Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/17 , which authorised the United Kingdom to prohibit the marketing and cultivation of FINOLA on its territory, without the annoyance of facts. After contacting “responsible” authorities in the United Kingdom, the UK’s Department of Farming and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) refused to discuss or reconsider the situation, so we hired legal counsel to launch a judicial review.
Fortunately, the EC regulation on hemp requires that a variety’s average THC be reported for each year. In particular, it is not mathematically possible to calculate an average value from a single sample. Thus, more samples are needed to make important, evidence-based decisions on hemp in the European Union.
Subsequently, on 15 March 2016, the United Kingdom officially informed the Commission that,”… it has been discovered that the THC content for 2014 did not exceed the threshold of 0,2 % as laid down in Article 32(6) of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013″. In addition to this clerical error, it was also discovered that the UK had not followed the required sampling procedure for hemp, and that the sample collected late in 2014 was late, and the sample in 2013 was collected very late. As if the sampler did not understand what he (or she) was doing.
So, on 31 October of 2016, the European Commission used its precious time to pass this NEW Implementing Decision to formally cancel the prohibition that the UK had recently asked them to pass in December of 2015. Eventually, the UK paid all legal costs for its education.
If hemp samples are still collected in your country for THC testing, please be sure to help your agricultural officials plan for the correct time to take field samples of FINOLA (between 40 to 60 days after sowing in the UK and Central Europe). The correct time of sampling is dependent on latitude and heat energy, with earlier sampling times at warmer lower latitudes (40-50 days after a sowing near latitude 50o) and later sampling at higher latitudes (50-60 days after sowing near latitude 60o).
Click HERE for a 20 page PDF on FINOLA’s morphology and development with pictures.
Click HERE to download a two page PDF that describes some basic information about the FINOLA variety of oilseed hemp, the Finola company and the Finola® registered trademark.
SOME PEER-REVIEWED ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS on HEMP by JC Callaway:
Click HERE for a chapter on Hempseed Oil (36 A4 pages, 524 kB pdf), by JC Callaway and DW Pate. This revised version was published in 2009 as Chapter 5 (pp. 185-213) In: Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty Oils, Robert A. Moreau and Afaf Kamal-Eldin (Eds.), AOCS Press, Urbana Il, ISBN 978-1-893997-97-4.
Click HERE for a short new article by JC Callaway, entitled “Hempseed oil, in a nut shell”, published in the March 2010 Volume 21(3) of inform; a monthly publication of the American Oil Chemists’ Society (AOCS).
Hempseed Oil is a functional food: Read about the results of these two clinical studies:
Effects of hempseed and flaxseed oils on the profile of serum lipids, serum total and lipoprotein lipid concentrations and haemostatic factors. Schwab US, et al. European Journal of Nutrition . 2006, volume 45(8), pages 470-477
For general information on hempseed nutrition, check out this publication:
With hemp come politics, and when sloppy science collides with careless administration, unfortunate things can happen, typically to individuals and small companies. This publication describes the real impact of institutional ignorance and bureaucratic bumbling with dubious scientific results.
Some history on the FINOLA variety
FINOLA is the world’s leading producer of hempseed and useful flowers. It was developed in Finland in 1995 under the breeder’s code FIN-314, and independent agricultural trials for Plant Variety Rights (PVR) began in the Netherlands during 1997. The PVR for FINOLA was eventually granted by the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) in 1999. The FINOLA oilseed hemp variety was finally admitted to the European Union’s list of subsidized crops in February of 2003, soon after the European Commission had officially recognized oilseed hemp as an industrial crop. Before that time, hemp was primarily used for fibre production. Before 2003, it was a completely new idea to grow hemp specifically for grain production. Although the situation was bleak in these early years, we decided to continue. Because we could, and because we thought this agricultural innovation was important to the health of our plant and to the health of our species.
Wrongful removal of the FINOLA subsidy in Europe 2006-2013
After the 2006 season, FINOLA was removed from the European Union’s list of subsidized hemp varieties because some poorly collected samples from a few European Member States had reported THC values that were slightly over the 0.2% limit. Subsequent agriculture research by the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture in 2009 and 2010 clearly demonstrated that late sampling (that is, human error) was the main cause for the occasional FINOLA field sample to go over the 0.2% limit. We wrote about this, in a mocking series of shame entitled “Noise from the North!”, and in a critical article by JC Callaway.
By 2008, the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture was looking into this problem, and then conducted independent agricultural trials in 2009 and 2010, to investigate this complaint with objective scientific methods. The Finnish Ministry of Agriculture released their final report in 4 November 2010. You can read that 17 page report by clicking here.
On 23 February 2011, the EU Commission finally passed a resolution to reinstate the FINOLA oilseed crop subsidy, but only for Finnish farmers. You may read that official decision here. Representatives from other EU Member States subsequently asked the EU Commission to return their crop subsidy for growing FINOLA. The resulting resolution marked the first time that a listed hemp variety had been de-listed, and then the first time that a de-listed hemp variety had been re-admitted to the exclusive EU list for approved hemp varieties. We only lost five years of business by the time our rights were restored in Finland. With the help of the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture, we continued to press the European Commission to restore our full rights throughout the European Union.
Finally, on 29 April of 2013 (just a little too late for the 2013 planting season…)
Commission Implementing Regulation (EC) No 393/2013 returned FINOLA to the European Union’s list of subsidized hemp varieties. Regulation 393/2013 applies to all countries in the European Union. This regulation also eliminated the need for EU Member States to report hemp THC values to the European Commission. If hemp samples are still collected in your country, please be sure to help your agricultural officials plan for the correct date to take field samples of FINOLA (typically between 40 to 60 days after sowing). The correct time of sampling is dependent on latitude and heat energy, with earlier sampling at warmer lower latitudes (40-50 days after sowing in Central Europe) and later sampling at cooler and higher latitudes (50-60 days after sowing near latitude 60o). This suggestion is in compliance with the field sampling procedure that is described in Annex I of COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1122/2009. If FINOLA field samples are collected according to the field sampling regulations, then the typical THC value for FINOLA is well below the 0.2% limit. This is a fact that has been has been systematically confirmed by extensive independent testing since 1995, and FINOLA is now the most tested hemp variety in the world. Instead of thinking that FINOLA might one day change into an illegal drug substance, perhaps we should finally consider governmental incompetence as a likely explanation for these administrative problems.
We should all be more interested in the applications of any useful innovations in modern agriculture.
About “Noise from the North!”
This was a series of taunting rants that were written by JC Callaway while the FINOLA variety was denied a subsidy in the European Union, from 2007-2013. This meant that we had no business in the Europe during that time. Although the FINOLA variety of hemp remained listed in the European Union’s Common Catalogue, the EU subsidy was removed for the cultivation of FINOLA after a few poorly controlled field samples tested over the 0.2% THC limit in Finland, Sweden and the UK in 2006.
These articles described key features of ignorance and poor administration at various levels of government within the EU. We basically embarrassed and shamed our civil servants into doing their job, because we were angry and we had a lot of time on our hands. Our last article on this complaint was posted in November of 2010. This is when the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture released its report, which basically identified the source of the problem to be late field samples, which was caused by human error. With continuing administrative support from the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture, the European Commission slowly began to realize their part in these administrative mistakes.
While this particular problem has been resolved, we never know when to expect the next administrative trampling of our rights (the administrative blunder by the United Kingdom’s DEFRA in 2015, mentioned at the top of this page, for example).
The Right to Good Administration is a Basic Human Right in the European Union. This right actually requires the offending institution(s), and even the individual civil servant(s), to pay for damages. We like to point that out as often as we can.
Because of our past experiences with incompetent administrations in various countries, we no longer ask our civil servants to do their job with competence and respect our human rights. Instead, we demand that our civil servants do their job with competence and respect our human rights! We have also learned that hiring a good lawyer can save us the effort of writing letters that are basically ignored by incompetent and cowardly civil servants.
Until further notice, these are our negotiating terms for any problems that are related to administrative incompetence or negligence caused by civil servants; we do not forgive and we do not forget!
So far, we have won all legal case against the incompetent ones who have violated our human rights.
The Finola name and the seed-drop logo are trademarked.
The FINOLA variety of oilseed hemp is protected by OECD Plant Breeder Rights.
©1998- 2019 Finola®